What Does Loan To Value (LTV) Mean and How Do You Calculate It?

Calculate LTV

Whether you are a first-time home buyer or a seasoned investor, understanding your loan-to-value (LTV) ratio is crucial for getting the best financing options. Lenders use this metric to assess risk and determine how much they are willing to lend you. In simple terms, the LTV ratio represents the amount of your loan compared to the value of the asset being financed. 

Understanding your LTV ratio is essential when borrowing money, as it directly impacts the terms and conditions of your loan. In this article, we’ll discuss how to calculate your LTV ratio and what it means for you as a borrower.

What Is a Loan-To-Value Ratio?

An LTV ratio is a financial measure that lenders use to evaluate the risk of providing a loan. A lower LTV ratio signifies greater equity in your property and less dependency on borrowing. This can facilitate easier loan approval and potentially lead to lower interest rates.

On the other hand, a higher LTV ratio means that you have less equity in your property and are more reliant on loans. This can make getting approved for a loan more difficult and may result in higher interest rates.

With a higher LTV, you may also be required to pay for private mortgage insurance (PMI), which protects the lender in case of default. This added expense can increase your monthly payments and the overall cost of your loan.

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How To Calculate Your LTV Ratio

To calculate your LTV ratio, you will need to know the total amount of your mortgage or loan and the appraised value of your property. Let’s look at the exact steps to calculate your LTV ratio. 

Determine the Total Amount of Your Mortgage or Loan

The first step is to determine the total amount of your mortgage or loan. This includes any existing loans on the property and the new loan you are applying for. The easiest way to find this information is to check your loan statements or speak with your lender.

Find the Appraised Value of Your Property

Next, you will need to find the appraised value of your property. You can do this through a professional appraisal, which lenders typically require before approving a loan. You can also use online tools and resources to get an estimate of your property’s value.

Calculate Your LTV Ratio

Once you have both numbers, you can calculate your LTV ratio by dividing the total amount of your mortgage or loan by the appraised value of your property. To get the percentage, multiply the resultant number by 100. This formula can be expressed as:

LTV Ratio = (Mortgage/Loan Amount ÷ Appraised Value) x 100.

For example, if you have a mortgage of $150,000 and your property is appraised at $200,000, your LTV ratio would be 75% ((150,000 ÷ 200,000) x 100).

If you are having trouble calculating the amount, using a loan-to-value calculator can make this process easier. 

Calculate Combined Loan-To-Value Ratio (CLTV) 

If you have multiple loans on your property, such as a home equity loan or line of credit, in addition to your mortgage, you will need to calculate the combined loan-to-value ratio (CLTV). You can do this by adding up all the loans and dividing them by the property’s appraised value.

For example, if you have a mortgage of $150,000 and a home equity loan of $50,000 on a property that is appraised at $200,000, your CLTV ratio would be 100% ((150,000 + 50,000) ÷ 200,000).

This number is important for lenders to determine the total risk of lending you money. Lenders may be more hesitant to approve your loan without clearly understanding your total debt against the property’s value, and they may offer less favorable terms.

Tips for Improving Your LTV Ratio

Having a lower LTV ratio can benefit you as a borrower, but it may take some time and effort to improve your ratio. Here are some tips to help you with the process: 

  • Save for a larger down payment: A higher down payment may indicate you’ll need to borrow less and have a lower LTV ratio. Therefore, a larger nest egg can improve your chances of getting approved for a loan and may result in better interest rates.
  • Pay off existing loans: The more loans you have, the higher your ratio. Consider paying off debts before applying for a new loan to improve your chances of getting approved. 
  • Increase property value: If your property’s value has increased since you purchased it, this can help decrease your LTV ratio. Consider making renovations or improvements to raise the value of your property. 
  • Refinance: You may be able to refinance your loan to get a lower interest rate. However, this option may not be available for everyone, so it is recommended that you speak with a financial advisor or lender. 

By understanding how your loan-to-value ratio is calculated and what it means for you as a borrower, you can make informed decisions when it comes to borrowing money. A lower LTV ratio can benefit you in the long run, so it may be worth improving before applying for a loan. 

Seeking Professional Advice

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Your portfolio’s value can be unlocked even if you don’t sell a single share in the open market.

If you haven’t checked it out already, here is a free stock loan calculator to help you size out a loan for your shares.

Simply enter a symbol and the number of shares you own, and you’ll see a potential loan amount that we can fund quickly.

Download the free Stock Loan Calculator now

Calculating and understanding your LTV ratio is an important step in the loan application process, but it’s always a good idea to seek professional advice when making financial decisions. A financial advisor or lender can assist you in deciding your LTV ratio and provide guidance on how to improve it if necessary.

A stock loan may also be an option for borrowers with a high LTV ratio, as it uses securities instead of property as collateral. This can potentially provide lower interest rates and better borrowing terms for those who are unable to improve their LTV ratio through other means. 

Therefore, speaking with a knowledgeable lender who specializes in stock loans can also be beneficial. Ultimately, being fully informed can help you make the best decisions for your financial needs. 


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